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Bone Grafting: Purpose, Procedure, and Risks

Tooth loss is something that can happen to anyone – whether you have suffered an injury, or your teeth have fallen out due to gum disease.

If your gappy smile is leaving you feeling self-conscious, don’t suffer in silence.

By pairing the latest technology with our expertise and dedication, your smile is in safe hands here at Calm and Gentle.

If you want to restore your smile today, get in touch or book an appointment.

Everything you need to know about bone regeneration

If you do not have enough bone to support a dental implant, then you may need a bone graft prior to your implant treatment.

Here is everything you need to know about bone regeneration.

What is a bone graft and why do I need it?

A bone graft is a surgical procedure that helps increase the amount of bone in your upper or lower jaw and helps to encourage bone growth.

If you need a dental implant, but you do not have enough bone for the implant to osseointegrate with, then you will need a bone graft.

Ahead of treatment, one of our dental consultants will assess your mouth and jaw structure in order to analyse whether or not you need a bone graft.

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How does bone loss happen?

You might not have enough bone in your jaw due to:

  • Gum disease
  • Tooth extraction side effects
  • Infection
  • Trauma or injury
  • A small jaw
  • Genetics

There are four types of bone graft

As a bone graft involves adding bone into your jaw, there are four main types of bone graft materials:


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In an autograft, a little piece of bone is taken from another part of your body, usually from the hip.

It is the safest and least risky bone graft option because taking bone from elsewhere in your body will minimise the chance of your body rejecting it.

There is no disease transmission with an autograft, and as it is living bone, the cells encourage growth in the jaw.

Autografts and Alloplasts are the most risk-free and popular bone graft options.


An allograft uses bone which has been donated by another human.

Though this is a human bone, there is a risk of infection or disease transmission as the bone is not your own.


A Xenograft, which still occurs, but is less popular nowadays, is a bone graft which uses bone from another animal, usually equine or bovine.

Bovine bones are used because they also have collagen in them, like our bones, which encourages bone formation and development.


A vegan and artificial alternative to the real bone, an alloplast is a material which is synthetic and artificial but has a similar chemical makeup to real bone.

There is no risk of disease transmission as it is synthetic.

For example, a bioglass graft works effectively to encourage the bone formation and is quickly resorbed by the body.

More on pre-implant procedures.

What happens during bone graft surgery?

A bone graft will require a short inpatient procedure in a hospital.

You will be placed under a general anaesthetic so you will not feel any discomfort or pain.

  • The gum is lifted away to reveal the jawbone, where there is a lack of bone.
  • If you are having an autograft, a small amount of bone will be taken from your body. Any small incisions are closed with stitches.
  • The bone material will be placed into the gum and secured in place.
  • The wound is closed with sutures.

Are bone grafts painful?

As you are placed under general anaesthetic, you will not experience any pain.

However, if at any point, you become uncomfortable, then notify the doctor or dentist immediately.

How long does it take to recover from a dental bone graft?

A bone graft usually takes anywhere between two weeks and two months. This depends on the patient’s individual situation.

Once your bone graft is completely healed, you will be able to pursue your implant treatment.

Why choose dental implants?

  • Fixed and permanent teeth replacement solution
  • Restored speech and bite functions
  • No need to remove to clean
  • Durable and convenient
  • Easy to maintain
  • Can last up to a lifetime with good oral hygiene
  • A permanent alternative to removable dentures

Get your ideal smile today

Here at Calm and Gentle Dental, we are committed to proving our patients with the utmost care and the highest-quality treatment.

See what our patients have had to say about us.

Whatever you want your dream smile to look like, we can help you achieve it.

By using the latest technology, materials and methods, we are highly specialised in restorative treatments, so you can rest assured that your smile is safe with us.

Call us today on 01732 678 414.

Pain-free, safe and recommended

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